Social and genetic relationships


Sparrows are highly gregarious, especially in the non-breeding season when they live in flocks. Although sparrows are quite sedentary, remainig within a few kms of their nesting colony, little is known of their social organization. Are wintering flocks stable in their composition? Are the movements of birds among flocking centers just random, or do certain individuals preferentially associate with one another? Do the genetic relationships among individuals influence their social behaviours?


We investigate the social structure of wintering sparrow flocks by marking a large number of birds individually using colour rings and then by tracking their movements and associations among flocks at several feeding and roosting sites by field observations and recaptures. We also investigate the effect of genetic relatedness on the organization of social groups and on the interactions of individuals including their aggressive, associative and 'scrounging' (see Social foraging) behaviours towards their differentially related flockmates. We estimate the degree of relatedness among individuals using microsatellite DNA markers of polymorhic loci.


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